Ergonomics and Human Factors in the transport sector is concerned with ensuring that all aspects of transport design meets the needs of people engaging with those designs, safely and efficiently. The consideration of human factors extends beyond vehicle design (trains, planes, automobiles, boats, motorcycles, bicycles, etc.) to include the design of the surrounding infrastructure (e.g. roads and railways) and traffic management and control systems.
Within the transport sector, a well-considered balance needs to be struck between expediting flow and ensuring safety. The pressure to minimise journey time and resource usage can at times be at odds with the requirement to maximise the safety of all. For public transport, in particular, inclusive design and the needs of those with reduced mobility are of key importance. Public transport is often a gateway to increased independence.